This is chapter 2 of the Introduction to Standards and the Standards Council of Canada orientation module. A transcript of the video follows below.
Chapter 2 - How are standards used?
Standards are used across many industries, such as
- Service operations,
- Management systems, and
- Product testing.
Standards can establish processes used to manufacture a product.
For example, IEC 61511 covers the application of electrical and programmable electronic equipment in the so-called “process industry”, such as in chemical, pharmaceutical, and pulp and paper industrial plants.
Products can be standardized according to design or performance characteristics, such as size, weight and durability.
For example, BNQ 3624-115 specifies the characteristics and test methods for polyethylene pipes and fittings designed for soil drainage, applying notably to agricultural and footing drains.
Even terminology can be standardized, so that vocabulary abbreviations and usage provide fundamental definitions for users.
For example, ISO 639 is an international standard which establishes a uniform system for the representation of languages and language groups. For instance, the registered two-letter code for English is “en”, and French is “fr”.